Cape Buffalo
Conservation Dependent
The African Buffalo or Cape Buffalo (Syncerus caffer) is a bovid from the family of the
Bovidae. It is up to 1.7 meters high, 2.8 meters long. On average, an adult male stands
about 1.5 m high at the shoulder and weighs 600 - 750 kg, while a female is 10 - 15 cm
shorter and weighs between 400 - 550 kg. Bulls at ten years of age or older can reach or
exceed 900 kg. The African Buffalo is not closely related to the slightly larger Wild Asian
Water Buffalo, but its ancestry remains unclear and owing to their unpredictable nature
which makes them highly dangerous to humans nor have they been domesticated like their
Asian counterpart, Domestic Asian Water Buffalo is the product of thousands of years of
selective breeding carried out by highly evolved ancient Asian civilisations, specially in

The Cape Buffalo is a very powerful creature, demanding respect from even a pride of lions
when paths cross. Other than humans, they have few natural predators and are capable of
defending themselves against (and sometimes killing) lions. Lions do kill and eat buffalo
regularly, but it typically takes multiple lions to bring down a single adult buffalo; only large
male lions have been known to take down adult buffalo on their own. The leopard and
spotted hyena are a threat only to newborn calves. The African Buffalo has never been

Known as one of the "big five" in Africa, the African Buffalo is widely regarded as a very
dangerous animal, as it gores and kills several people every year. Buffalo are sometimes
reported to kill more people in Africa than any other animal, although the same claim is
sometimes made of Hippopotami or Crocodiles. Buffalo are notorious among big game
hunters as very dangerous animals, with wounded animals reported to ambush and attack

Range and habitat

Cape Buffalo occur from open savannah to thickly wooded country, and wallow when the
opportunity presents itself. They are found in Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Zambia, Zimbabwe,
Namibia, Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa, Kenya and Tanzanian.


19th Century Pencil Drawing of a Water Buffalo

Ponca Tribal Encounter Kit - Teacher's Guide 26 Pg PDF
About the US Ponca Tribe, some exceptional lesson plans and activities regarding buffalo.

Interactive Buffalo Crossword
Printer-friendly Crossword      Answer Key
Take our Fun Buffalo Quiz

Colouring Picture of the African Buffalo

Download this Fun  Fact Booklet PDF format
Fun Facts on the African Buffalo and African Themed Note Pages
Some Information & Graphics obtained from Wikipedia
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